The Materials Twitter Project: All my research papers in 140 characters or less

It seems that whenever I meet up with old colleagues, I eventually find out that they are working on a topic that (i) I had no clue they were interested in and (ii) that somehow relates to my current research. Perhaps a “battery person” is now studying solid state lighting, or a “DFT person” started using classical MD simulations. There has to be a better way to keep up!

Indeed, there are nowadays many tools (like Google Scholar) to help researchers discover relevant papers. But rather than talk about what I feel is missing from these tools, let me instead show you what I wish existed on a larger scale:

If you click that link (go ahead, it won’t bite), you’ll see each of my research papers distilled into a summary tweet of 140 characters each plus a second “business” tweet with the paper link/reference details. Given that each summary tweet is ~20 words and I’ve contributed to 32 papers, you can now read about every topic I’ve researched thus far in only ~650 words! The information content is extremely dense.

If you were to follow that feed, you would stay up-to-date on new topics like thermoelectrics and materials informatics that I plan to publish on soon, but that would be difficult to anticipate based on knowledge of my past research topics. Maybe there’s no overlap between our research today, but that’s often not a good predictor for future research intersections – at least that’s been the case with some of my colleagues.

Hopefully, you’re now thinking one (or both) of the following:

  • I wish I had one
  • I wish Colleagues X and Y had one

If so, maybe you want to already skip to the last section. But in case you need more convincing, here are a few more thoughts on the subject.

Why This Could Be Good for Followers  (if Authors use Twitter differently)

At this stage, you might correctly point out that many research groups already have Twitter feeds, and I’m a bit late to the party. Indeed, when I was signing up for Twitter, I was encouraged to follow some of them. But I didn’t want to follow those research feeds because they used Twitter in pretty much the same way that everyone else uses Twitter; namely, they post a lot (maybe about conference travel, maybe about external articles in their field). When they did announce a publication, it felt like just that: an announcement rather an informative paper summary. I’m sure this is already useful and interesting for many people, but I personally want an inverted (and introverted) Twitter, where posts are either “high-value, high-specificity” summaries of new papers from that research group or nothing at all. The idea is to keep it to around 10 posts per year(!) for someone that publishes at my current rate; in other words, nothing like most Twitter feeds. You could subscribe to 35 different research group feeds like mine and still receive only one tweet per day. The goal is not to feel pressure to keep your audience constantly engaged with updates. Hopefully, engagement will come from the availability of multiple different feeds.

For early adopters, the total payoff for being a follower will perhaps not be so great; with only a few groups posting (and maybe just me!), you’ll only get very sporadic updates. But the goal is that at every step of the way – and even in the beginning when the total payoff is not so large – the ratio of payoff to time invested will still be large because each tweet will be highly relevant/informative and take only seconds of your time. And the value will only continue to grow if more authors start feeds.

Besides, it’s supremely easy to follow and unfollow! So it’s an easy experiment to try out for a bit (understanding that things might be quiet at first).

Why This Could Be Good for Authors

From an author’s perspective, potential payoffs include broader dissemination of your work, added citations, and maybe new collaborations. Again, the total payoff might be big or small depending on the number of followers you get and who’s following your stream. But the time invested (140 characters per paper) is miniscule compared to other modes of broadcasting your research (e.g., traveling to a conference and filling out expense reports, or recording a video slideshow as some journals are now experimenting with). Thus, the ratio of payoff to time invested will be favorable even with a small number of followers and could become astronomical with a large number of followers.

How to get started as an author

If you’re on board, here are my suggestions for getting started:

  1. Decide whether to tweet your back catalog of papers or not. I tweeted all my past papers because I wanted my feed to be an example of what’s possible, but a better strategy may be to back-report papers published since some recent year (e.g., 2014 or 2015) or just your most recent paper. People will anyway be much more interested in future papers than past ones.
  2. Sign up for an account at Twitter.
  3. Begin by tweeting a paper’s link and reference details (business tweet). Twitter lets you delete tweets and re-post if you make a mistake, so no need to be nervous (but note that you can’t edit a previous tweet).You can use a quick and free service like to shorten links[1]. Here’s an example that you can modify[2]:
    paper:"Relating voltage and thermal safety in Li-ion battery cathodes: a high-throughput ..."
    Jain et al, PCCP (2015)
  4. Next, self-reply to what you just tweeted[3]. Delete your handle from that reply, and add your 140 character summary tweet of that paper (see next point for hints). Here’s an example:
    DFT on >1400 compounds suggests cathodes >4.1V intrinsically prone to O2 release. Polyanions (XO4, X2O7) can raise V at expense of capacity
  5. When writing these summaries, try to distill important results and include numbers wherever possible. The goal is not to keep readers in suspense or “hook” someone into the full paper with a catchy headline, but rather to engineer the best first order approximation for the entire paper. Remember that if the tweet is already informative and helpful, then readers will extrapolate that the full paper must be really informative and helpful.
  6. Repeat as new papers come out. Appoint a Twitter feed “group job” if needed; it’s not much different than maintaining a publication list on your group page.

Congratulations! You now have your own feed and can start broadcasting. A few other notes:

  1. Resist the urge to tweet more than once about a single paper or to chain together multiple summary tweets to get extra space. Remember, the goal is to find a “Goldilocks” situation between a paper title (too vague) and paper abstract (too lengthy for skimming), and a single tweet is that perfect middle ground.
  2. Resist the urge to start posting about other things to keep your feed “busy”, like awards your group members have won, press about your paper, or links to some other person’s breakthrough paper in your field. Those things can be interesting, but should be separated into another stream for the smaller group of people who want the additional news and commentary. The occasional postdoc opening announcement (i.e., once per position opening) is probably fair and generally useful. But if the posts stop being of high value, followers should protest by unsubscribing (or kindly requesting that you separate your posts)!

There are plenty of other built-in tools that could potentially be useful (Twitter lists, retweets, hashtags, etc.), but those will only become relevant if this spreads. If you do end up starting your own Twitter feed, and in a way that meets these guidelines (i.e., not your typical Twitter feed), please let me know – you might even get your first follower!


[1] If you’re really savvy, you might prefer to link to DOIs rather than journal-specific URLs (I didn’t go that far).
[2] You can modify the “paper:” part of my example with “#paper” or “#publication” to be more in-line with how others use Twitter.
[3] The self-reply method links your “business tweet” and “summary tweet” together by a blue line.


3 thoughts on “The Materials Twitter Project: All my research papers in 140 characters or less”

  1. That would be awesome! Grey group would be great to follow as there are so many different things going on there.
    Also, I hope I didn’t give the impression that only larger research groups should have these feeds. You could also just have one for your own research and it could grow with time.

    1. Just saw that is now live! I may have the early advantage in number of tweets for doing my back catalog, but something tells me I will be eclipsed in the span of only a few months. Encourage anyone interested in Grey Group’s research (University of Cambridge) to subscribe.

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